To learn about our efforts to improve the accessibility and usability of our website, please visit our Accessibility Information page. Skip to main content

The Magic Ratio

When Positive Coaching Alliance (PCA) presents its live group workshops for leaders, coaches and parents all over the country, one Positive Coaching technique that always raises eyebrows is use of the "Magic Ratio."

The Magic Ratio, rooted in sports and educational psychology research, states that coaches can get the most out of youth athletes by providing five specific, truthful praises for every one piece of specific, constructive criticism.

There are ways to achieve the Magic Ratio, legitimately, while helping your players improve. Take a simple fungo-fielding drill. Let's say there are five players in a line and you hit 10 ground balls to each of them in a five-minute drill. That's 10 chances to find something positive to say to each player. Start the fungo drill slowly, hitting balls that are relatively easy to field. That will gently warm up the players and build their confidence as they field balls cleanly.

And since they are fielding cleanly, you have a chance to offer specific, truthful praise.

"Great footwork, Tommy, that's it, left-right field, left-right throw,"

"Perfect triangle from feet to glove, Susie."

"Way to keep that glove low, Bill. That's even better than last practice."

As the drill progresses, gradually increase intensity and have players work on their range. Warmed up and buoyed by confidence from their successful fielding and your praise, they will be better able to make the tougher plays, giving you the chance to praise them more and build more confidence, which will lead to more success.

On the tougher plays that players miss, provide specific constructive criticism, which they are more likely to accept since they are more confident from their earlier success and because they have heard plenty of your praise. This approach gives your players a realistic sense of where they need to improve and how to do so, along with a healthy dose of earned self-esteem and an assurance that you as a coach will communicate honestly and help them improve.

More free resources for youth- and high-school-sports coaches, parents, administrators and student-athletes from Positive Coaching Alliance (PCA) are available at Information on partnering your local youth baseball team with PCA for workshops and other training is available at